The right to life is one of the most fundamental human rights, and has two main aspects.
Public authorities must:
Some relevant considerations for victims when considering the concept of the right to life during the investigation stage would include:
Case example (right to life)
The applicants employed the defendant in their optical shop in England. When the police found optical equipment at the defendant’s house they charged him with theft. The defendant then threatened the applicant’s son on a number of occasions, including that he would kill him if he did not withdraw charges.
This was reported to police. The applicant’s car and business premises were set alight, however this was not linked to the defendant. The defendant shot dead the applicant’s son as he was leaving work.
While the court found there was no violation of the right to life (article 2) in this case, it found that there is a positive obligation on authorities to take preventative measures to protect an individual whose life is at risk from the criminal acts of another.
Source: Van Colle v United Kingdom  ECHR, Application No 7678/09 (13 November 2012)
Some relevant considerations for victims when considering this right post-court would include: